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Aplastic Anemia

Aplastic Anemia
Aplastic Anemia is a condition when your body stops making enough new blood cells. As a result of the disease, you’ll be fatigued, exhausted, and more susceptible to infections and excessive bleeding, says Dr. Vikas Dua who is one of the Best Aplastic Anemia Doctors In India.

Aplastic Anemia is a rare and serious disorder that can occur at any age. It might happen all of a sudden, or it can happen gradually over time. It can vary from mild to severe. Medication, blood transfusions, or a stem cell transplant, often known as a bone marrow transplant, is used to treat aplastic Anemia. Aplastic Anemia is a kind of Anemia that can be either short-lived or persistent.

Symptoms of Aplastic Anemia
Aplastic Anemia can go undetected for long periods of time.

  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Shortness of breath
  • Rapid or erratic heart rate
  • Pale skin
  • Frequent or prolonged infections
  • Unexplained or easily bruising
  • Nosebleeds and gum disease
  • Prolonged bleeding from wounds
  • Skin rash

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    Causes of Aplastic Anemia

    In the bone marrow, stem cells create red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Aplastic Anemia damages stem cells. As a result, the bone marrow is either empty (aplastic) or contains just a few blood cells (hypoplastic)

    The most prevalent cause of aplastic Anemia is your immune system harming the stem cells in your bone marrow.

    • Radiation and chemotherapy treatments are two more variables that might harm bone marrow and decrease blood cell formation. These cancer-fighting treatments can affect healthy cells, such as bone marrow stem cells, as well as cancer cells. As a temporary side effect, several medications may cause aplastic Anemia.
    • Toxic chemical exposure. Aplastic Anemia has been connected to toxic compounds such as those found in herbicides and insecticides, as well as benzene, a component of gasoline. If you prevent recurrent exposure to the substances that caused your sickness, your Anemia may improve.
    • The use of certain medications. Aplastic Anemia is caused by some drugs, such as those used to treat rheumatoid arthritis and antibiotics.
    • Autoimmune diseases are a kind of autoimmune disease. Your bone marrow stem cells might be included in autoimmune disease in which your immune system attacks healthy cells.
    • Infection with the virus Aplastic Anemia can be triggered by viral infections that damage the bone marrow.

    Relationships with other uncommon diseases

    An uncommon disease called paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria affects certain persons with aplastic Anemia, causing red blood cells to break down too quickly. Aplastic Anaemia can develop from this syndrome, or aplastic Anemia can develop into paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria.

    Aplastic Anemia is caused by Fanconi’s Anemia, a rare genetic condition. It causes children to be smaller than usual and to be born with birth defects such as undeveloped limbs. Blood tests are used to diagnose the condition.

    Risk Factors of Aplastic Anemia

    • Aplastic Anemia is an uncommon condition.
    • Cancer treatment with high-dose radiation or chemotherapy.
    • Toxic chemical exposure.
    • Use of some prescription drugs — such as chloramphenicol, which is used to treat bacterial infections, and gold compounds, which are used to treat rheumatoid arthritis.
    • Blood diseases, autoimmune disorders, and severe infections.
    • Pregnancy is an uncommon occurrence.

    Diagnosis of Aplastic Anemia

    • Blood tests.
    • Bone marrow biopsy

    Treatment of Aplastic Anemia

    Aplastic Anemia treatments may involve observation, blood transfusions, stem cell transplants, medicines, or bone marrow transplantation, depending on the severity of your condition and your age. Severe Aplastic Anemia, which causes severe low blood cell counts, is life-threatening and necessitates emergency hospitalization. A hematologist (a doctor who specializes in blood problems) treats children with aplastic Anemia. Dr. Vikas Dua is one of the best Aplastic Anemia Doctors in India providing the best treatment for Aplastic Anemia.

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    Dr. Vikas Dua

    Dr. Vikas Dua

    Specialist:     Pediatric- Hemato-oncology
    Experience:  23+ years of experience
    Hospital:       Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon

    About Doctor:

    • Dr Vikas Dua is one the leading consultants in the field of Pediatric- Hemato-oncology & bone marrow transplant.
    • He has an experience of over 23+ years and has performed several successful BMTs for thalassemia and leukaemia cases for children from India, Afghanistan, Iraq and African Countries.
    • Dr. Dua has completed his MBBS & MD (Paediatrics) from PGIMS, Rohtak .Following which he did his Fellowship in DNB (Paediatrics) from Sri Ganga Ram. Read More

    Dr. Rahul Bhargava

    Dr. Rahul Bhargava

    Specialist:     Hematologic Oncologist, BMT
    Experience:   23+ years of experience
    Hospital:       Fortis Memorial Research Institute

    About Doctor:

    • Rahul Bhargava is a Leading Haemato-oncologist in India with over 23+ years of experience.
    • He has performed 100+ adult bone marrow transplants which are record-breaking in the whole of North India.
    • He is a Director of Haematology & Bone Marrow Transplant at Fortis Memorial Research Institute hospital, Gurgaon. Read More

    FMRI Gurgaon

    Fortis Memorial Research Institute (FMRI) 

    • Fortis Memorial Research Institute was established in 2001.
    • It is an outstanding multi-speciality quaternary care hospital,having the top-notch infrastructure, advanced equipment, highly qualified and experienced medical professionals and super sub-specialists.
    • Fortis Hosptial Gurgaon is an advanced centre of excellence in Robotic Surgery, Neurosciences, Oncology, Renal Sciences, BMT, Organ Transplants, Orthopaedics, Cardiac Sciences and Obstetrics & Gynaecology. Read More

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