Single Ventricle Heart Defects

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A single ventricle heart defect is a rare and intricate congenital heart condition that affects the heart’s structure and function. In this defect, one of the two pumping chambers in the heart, known as ventricles, is either underdeveloped or missing a valve. This anomaly disrupts the heart’s normal blood flow patterns and significantly impacts its ability to pump oxygenated blood to the body and deoxygenated blood to the lungs efficiently.

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    Key Characteristics of Single Ventricle Heart Defects:

    Ventricular Insufficiency: In single ventricle heart defects, one of the ventricles is typically underdeveloped and unable to perform its pumping function effectively. This leads to imbalances in blood flow and oxygen distribution.

    Missing Valve: Some cases of single ventricle defects involve the absence of a functional valve that controls the blood flow in and out of the affected ventricle. Valves are essential for ensuring proper circulation.

    Mixed Blood: As a result of the compromised ventricular function, oxygenated and deoxygenated blood mix together within the heart. This mixed blood is then pumped out to the body, resulting in lower oxygen levels in the bloodstream.

    Cyanosis: Infants and children with single ventricle heart defects often exhibit cyanosis, characterized by bluish or purplish discoloration of the skin, lips, and nails. This is due to the reduced oxygen content in their blood.

    Types of Single Ventricle Heart Defects:

    There are various specific conditions that fall under the category of single ventricle heart defects, including:

    Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome (HLHS): In HLHS, the left ventricle, which is responsible for pumping oxygenated blood to the body, is severely underdeveloped.

    Tricuspid Atresia: This condition involves a missing or malformed tricuspid valve, which controls blood flow from the right atrium to the right ventricle.

    Double Inlet Left Ventricle (DILV): In DILV, the left ventricle is the sole functional ventricle, while the right ventricle may be underdeveloped or missing.

    Treatment and Management:

    Managing single ventricle heart defects is highly complex and often requires staged surgical interventions, collectively referred to as the Fontan procedure. The aim of these surgeries is to establish a modified circulation that directs oxygen-poor blood to the lungs, bypassing the affected ventricle. These procedures are typically performed in multiple stages over time.

    Medications are frequently used to manage heart failure, control blood pressure, and ensure the best possible heart function. Additionally, individuals with single ventricle defects need specialized care and long-term monitoring by pediatric cardiologists or congenital heart specialists to address any potential complications.

    Single ventricle heart defects are lifelong conditions, and appropriate medical care is essential for improving the quality of life for those born with these heart anomalies. Early diagnosis and intervention are crucial to achieving the best outcomes for affected children.

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      Dr. Aseem Ranjan Srivastava

      Dr. Aseem Ranjan Srivastava

      Specialist:       Pediatric Cardiologist
      Experience:    20+ years of experience
      Hospital:         Artemis Hospital

      About Doctor:

      • Dr. Aseem Ranjan Srivastava is associated as senior consultant of Paediatric cardiology and Cardiac surgery wing at Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon.
      • Dr. Aseem Ranjan Srivastava is trained in Congenital Cardiac Surgery at The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (2012-13) and The Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC (2011-12)
      • Possess extensive experience of 20+ years in Paediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery. Read More

      Artemis Hospital

      Artemis Hospital Gurgaon

      • Artemis Hospital, established in 2007, spread across 9 acres, is a 600plus bed; state-of-the-art multi-speciality hospital located in Gurgaon, India.
      • Artemis Hospital is the first JCI and NABH accredited hospital in Gurgaon.
      • Designed as one of the most advanced hospitals in India, Artemis provides a depth of expertise in the spectrum of advanced medical & surgical interventions, a comprehensive mix of inpatient and outpatient services. Read More
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