Transposition of the Great Arteries (TGA)

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Transposition of the great arteries (TGA) is a rare and severe congenital heart condition characterized by a critical abnormality in the heart’s structure. In TGA, the two main arteries that emerge from the heart, the aorta, and the pulmonary artery, are reversed, leading to a disrupted blood circulation pattern. This condition is present at birth, classifying it as a congenital heart defect.

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    Two Distinct Types of Transposition of the Great Arteries:

    Complete Transposition of the Great Arteries (Dextro-Transposition, D-TGA):

    • This type of TGA is the more common and severe form. In D-TGA, the aorta is connected to the right ventricle, which pumps blood to the lungs, while the pulmonary artery is attached to the left ventricle, responsible for pumping oxygen-rich blood to the body.
    • Symptoms typically manifest during pregnancy, shortly after birth, or within a few weeks after delivery. Babies with D-TGA may present with severe cyanosis, a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes, due to insufficient oxygenated blood supply.
    • Without prompt medical intervention, serious complications or even death can occur.

    Congenitally Corrected Transposition (Levo-Transposition, L-TGA):

    • L-TGA is a less common type of TGA. In this variation, the aorta is connected to the left ventricle, while the pulmonary artery is attached to the right ventricle. The mixing of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood is less pronounced.
    • Symptoms may not be immediately noticeable, and the condition may remain undiagnosed for some time.
    • Treatment approaches for L-TGA depend on the specific associated heart defects.

    Challenges and Treatment:

    • Transposition of the great arteries presents significant challenges for affected individuals. The abnormal circulation of blood throughout the heart and body can have life-threatening consequences. Thus, early diagnosis and intervention are of paramount importance.
    • Surgical correction is often required to restore normal blood flow patterns. Complex procedures may include arterial switch operations, where the aorta and pulmonary artery are repositioned, and septal defect closures, among others.
    • In summary, TGA is a complex and rare congenital heart defect in which the two main arteries arising from the heart are reversed. It is crucial to recognize the two distinct types, D-TGA and L-TGA, as they require different approaches to diagnosis and treatment. Prompt intervention by a team of pediatric cardiologists, cardiac surgeons, and other specialists is essential for improving the outcomes and quality of life for individuals with TGA.

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      Dr. Aseem Ranjan Srivastava

      Dr. Aseem Ranjan Srivastava

      Specialist:       Pediatric Cardiologist
      Experience:    20+ years of experience
      Hospital:         Artemis Hospital

      About Doctor:

      • Dr. Aseem Ranjan Srivastava is associated as senior consultant of Paediatric cardiology and Cardiac surgery wing at Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon.
      • Dr. Aseem Ranjan Srivastava is trained in Congenital Cardiac Surgery at The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (2012-13) and The Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC (2011-12)
      • Possess extensive experience of 20+ years in Paediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery. Read More

      Artemis Hospital

      Artemis Hospital Gurgaon

      • Artemis Hospital, established in 2007, spread across 9 acres, is a 600plus bed; state-of-the-art multi-speciality hospital located in Gurgaon, India.
      • Artemis Hospital is the first JCI and NABH accredited hospital in Gurgaon.
      • Designed as one of the most advanced hospitals in India, Artemis provides a depth of expertise in the spectrum of advanced medical & surgical interventions, a comprehensive mix of inpatient and outpatient services. Read More
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